Shivneri Killa is one of the best historical and tourist attractions of Maharashtra. This fort near Junnar located in the Pune of Maharashtra is a military fortification that dates back as old as the 17th century and lately considered as a crowd puller spot that boosts Maharashtra tourism.
The place had Buddhist domination around the time of the 1st century AD.Shivneri Killa is the birthplace of the legendary Maratha leader Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj who was the founder of the Maratha Empire. The fort received its name from Yavadas of Devagiri.
Soon after the Delhi Sultanate lost its power, the fort passed to the Bahami rulers during the 15th century. The fort has a very strong architecture that proved invincible in several attempts of infiltration by armies. It was from the Bahmani ruler Bahadur Nizam Shah II that Maloji Bhosale, the Maratha chief got the inter alia of Chakan and Shivner.
Shivneri Killa History 1:
The fort holds the true heritage of the yesteryears and is one of the most favorite places for sightseeing. Fort received its true eminence from the legendary Maratha chief Shivaji Maharaj. The fort was Shivaji’s childhood home, as he was born on February 19, 1630. He was named after the goddess Shivai Devi, whose temple is located inside the fort. 1762. 1st century AD. The caves, rock-cut architecture and water system indicate the presence of habitation from the 1st century.
Shivneri got its name as it was under the possession of the Yadavas of Devagiri. This fort was mainly used to guard the old trading route from Dash to the port city of Kalyan.
Shivneri Killa History 1:
Ahmadnagar Sultan, Bahadur Nizam Shah II enabled Maloji Bhonsle, the grandfather of Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosale, to acquire Shivneri and Chakan in 1595. Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhonsale was born at the fort on 19 February 1630 (some accounts place it 1627), and spent his childhood there.They regained the fort in 1762 and became a part of Ragunatha Rao.
The fort came under the control of the British Rule in 1820 after the Third Anglo-Maratha War. Inside the fort is a small temple dedicated to the goddess Shivai Devi, after whom Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhonsale was named. The English traveler Fraze visited the fort in 1673 and found it invincible. The fort was under the control of the Mughals after the Marathas and Shahu demanded it back in 1716.
Places to Visit on Fort:
Shivneri is a hill fort having a triangular shape and has its entrance from the South-west side of the hill.
There are mud walls all around the fort.
Inside the fort, the major buildings are the prayer hall, a tomb and a mosque. There is an overhanging where executionThe fort extends up to 1 mi (1.6km) with seven spiral well-defended gates. s took place.
There are many gate structures protecting this fort. Mana Daravaja is one of the many gates of the fort.
Apart from the main gate there is an entrance to the fort from the side called locally as the chain gate,
where one has to hold chains to climb up to the fort gate.