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The Agra fort, also known as the twin of Taj Mahal, is situated on the bank of the Yamuna river in Agra and spreads over 94 acres of land. It has an important history of the Mughal era. Let’s learn more about the fort.

History of the Agra fort

    When Ibrahim Lodi was living here he lost battle with first mughal emperor Babar and he has started living in the fort afterwords.

Emperor Akbar modified and beautified the Agra fort during his reign, using red sandstone and marble in its construction. His grandson Shah Jahan later reconstructed it. The fort got its main identity in the Era of  emperor Akbar. Later when Shah Jahan’s son took control over the kingdom he dragged his father and kept him in the lockup for almost 8 years. And he died in the fort itself. The fort is 3 km away from the Taj mahal. From this fort you can easily see the great Tomb of Mumtaz. The name of this part is Musamman Burj. Where Shah Jahan imprisoned and died by looking at his wife’s Tomb.


Architecture of the Agra fort

Agra fort

                  Image source – dream/time.com


Builders constructed the Agra fort using red sandstone and marble. The fort comprises four gates, namely Delhi Gate, Amar Singh Gate, Hathi Pol, and Ghaznin Gate. Among them, the Delhi Gate was used as Akbar’s formal gate and is the largest. Visitors can access the fort only through the Amar Singh Gate. The fort contains significant structures and monuments, including public and private halls called Diwan-i-Am and Diwan-i-Khas, royal pavilions that house masjids, royal baths made of marble, a mirror palace or Sheesh Mahal, and courtrooms, among others. At one point, it is believed that the fort contained over 5000 structures and monuments.


Nearby sites to visit –

  • Jama Masjid (700 m)
  • Taj Mahal (2.9 km)
  • Itmad-ud-Dulah’s Tomb (3.5 km)
  • Sadar Bazaar (3.5 km)
  • Mehtab Bagh (5.5 km)
  • The Red Taj (6.2 km)
  • Sikandra Fort and Akbar’s Tomb (12.6 km)


Visit Timing: Sunrise to sunset


Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh

find on the maps…. 

Take a look of other important forts….