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Builders constructed the entire fort of the great Red Fort, also known as Lal Quila, with red sandstone. It is an icon of our country and is considered a world heritage site due to its beautiful architecture and association with the Mughal dynasty.The fifth emperor, Shahajahan, constructed it around 1639, and it covers an area of 254 acres of land. When Shahajahan decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi, he built this monument.

History of Red fort


The first independence battle was fought in 1857 and the  Red fort was ruled by Bahadur Shaha Jafar II was arrested and the British conquered the fort. During the British era they used this fort as their residence and they constructed many rooms in the fort. By the arrest of last emperor Bahadur Shaha Jafar the mughal dynasty came to an end.

Architecture of the red fort

  The Red fort was the residence of Shahajahan. It used to have 2 main parts i.e. Diwan-e-khas and Diwan-e-aam where Shahajahan used to meet. Diwan-e-khas was an official meeting place where only official ceremonies or the personal meetings used to be organized and the other Diwan-e-aam was open for all citizens. The fort has many entrances.  The wall’s height is 75 meters and it has beautiful geometrical gardens, the fort has enormous carvings of flowers, animals, etc. 


Red fort

Diwan-i-Khas- Source: Bharatpedia


More places to explore in fort-

  • Mumtaz Mahal
  • Khas mahal
  • Rang mahal 
  • Hira mahal
  • Moti Masjid
  • Hammam


Best Time to Visit : October to February

Address : Netaji Subhash Marg, Chandni Chowk, New Delhi, Delhi – 110006

Timings : 9:30 AM – 4:30 PM, closed on Monday

Entry Fee : INR 35 (Indian Nationals), INR 500 (Foreign Nationals)

The most iconic monument of India has enormous importance. On every independence day the Prime minister of India hoists the Indian National Flag. This icon is also printed on the 500 rs Indian currency. 

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