When the level of blood glucose, more commonly referred to as blood sugar, is too high, you develop diabetes. Your body utilizes glucose as its primary energy source. Although the body can produce glucose. If you have diabetes, your body either produces no insulin at all or uses it incorrectly. Here are the following Diabetes Symptoms :
Diabetes symptoms include increasing the risk of damage to the kidneys, nerves, eyes, and heart. Diabetes and several malignancies have been connected. By taking steps to prevent diabetes, you may lower your risk of developing health problems associated with the condition.
Diabetes symptoms Type 1 can start quickly, in a matter of weeks. Diabetes symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly—over the course of several years—and can be so mild that you might not even notice them.
1. Frequent urination: People with diabetes experience frequent urination because their bodies try to eliminate excess glucose through urine. When the blood glucose level is high, the kidneys cannot absorb all the glucose, and this causes more urine production.
- Excessive thirst: Excessive thirst, also called polydipsia, is one of the classic symptoms of diabetes. It occurs because the body tries to replace fluids lost through frequent urination.
- Extreme Hunger: When glucose cannot enter the cells, the body lacks energy, which triggers hunger, causing the person to eat more than usual.
- Fatigue: Diabetes causes fatigue because the body loses glucose through urine, leaving the body without enough energy.
- Blurred vision: Elevated blood sugar levels can cause fluid imbalances, leading to swelling in the eye. This swelling affects the person’s ability to focus, resulting in blurry or foggy vision.
- Slow healing wounds or cuts: Prolonged high glucose levels affect blood vessels and nerves, slowing the healing process of wounds and cuts.
- Tingling or numbness in hands or feet: Nerve damage caused by prolonged high glucose levels can lead to tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, a condition known as peripheral neuropathy.
- Dry mouth and itchy skin: High blood glucose levels can cause dehydration, leading to dry mouth and itchy skin.
- Unexpected weight loss: When cells lack glucose, the body begins to break down fat and muscle for energy, leading to significant weight loss.
- Increased irritability or moodiness: High or low blood sugar levels can cause changes in mood, leading to increased irritability or moodiness. This happens when there’s no proper management of glucose levels in the bloodstream.
Normal sugar level :
Normal blood sugar levels vary depending on the time of the day and may differ from individual to individual. However, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends the following blood sugar level ranges for most healthy adults:
- Fasting blood sugar level (before eating) – 70 to 130 mg/dL (3.9 to 7.2 mmol/L).
- Blood sugar level 2 hours after eating – Less than 180 mg/dL (10.0 mmol/L).
It’s important to note that blood sugar levels may vary in people with diabetes, and they need to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly. Consult a healthcare professional to know the recommended blood sugar levels for you.
Types of Diabetes:
There are three main types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes: This is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. People with type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin and are dependent on insulin injections or an insulin pump to regulate their blood sugar levels.
- Type 2 diabetes: This is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for about 90% of all cases. The body develops a resistance to the effects of insulin in type 2 diabetes, and the pancreas may not generate enough insulin to overcome the resistance. Type 2 diabetes can often be managed with lifestyle changes, such as exercise, diet, and medication.
- Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy, usually in the second or third trimester. Hormonal changes that reduce the body’s sensitivity to insulin are the cause of it. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after delivery, but women who develop it are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Less common types of diabetes include:
– LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults)
– MODY(Diabetes in Young People With Maturity-Onset)
– Secondary diabetes (caused by other conditions such as cystic fibrosis or pancreatitis)
Low sugar symptoms :
Low blood sugar, also called hypoglycemia, occurs when the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood drops below normal. The symptoms of low blood sugar can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but common symptoms include:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Confusion or difficulty concentrating
- Anxiety or irritability
- Hunger or nausea
- Blurred vision
- Rapid heartbeat/palpitations
In severe cases, low blood sugar can cause loss of consciousness, seizures, and coma. It is important to recognize the symptoms of low blood sugar and treat it promptly by consuming a source of glucose such as juice, candy, or glucose tablets. If you experience recurrent episodes of low blood sugar or have difficulty managing your blood sugar levels, consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice.
High sugar symptoms:
High blood sugar, also called hyperglycemia, is a condition where the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood is higher than normal. Symptoms of high blood sugar can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but common symptoms include:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Nausea or vomiting
- Shortness of breath
- Fruity (acetone) breath
- Slow healing of cuts or wounds
If left untreated, high blood sugar can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a life-threatening complication. It is important to manage high blood sugar levels by following a healthy diet, exercising regularly, taking medications as prescribed, and monitoring blood sugar levels as recommended by a healthcare professional. If you experience symptoms of high blood sugar, consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice on how to manage your condition.
Diabetes treatment focuses on managing blood sugar levels to prevent complications. The treatment plan for diabetes varies depending on the type of diabetes and individual needs, but the following are common approaches:
- Healthy Diet: A balanced and healthy diet that includes complex carbohydrates, lean protein, healthy fats, and fiber can help regulate blood sugar levels. It’s also crucial to stay away from processed and sugary foods.
- Regular Exercise: Exercise can help reduce blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity. Five days a week, try to get in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise.
- Medications: Depending on the type of diabetes, medications such as insulin, metformin, and oral antidiabetic drugs may be prescribed to regulate blood sugar levels.
- Monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels is important to make adjustments to the treatment plan as necessary.
- Managing Complications: Treatment may also involve managing complications such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and neuropathy.
- Education and Support: Education about diabetes and access to support can help individuals better manage their condition and prevent complications.
It is important to work closely with a healthcare professional to develop an individualized treatment plan that meets your needs. Lifestyle changes play a crucial role in the management of diabetes, so it is important to make healthy lifestyle choices and follow up with regular appointments. If you want International Tea Day quotes check out.
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