Introduction of Akola city
Akola city is situated in the middle east of Maharashtra state. This district is situated between North 20.17 to 21.16 latitude and East 76.7 to 77.4 longitude.
There are ranges of Gavilgad hills on the north of the district. Anjangaon, Daryapur and Nandgaon khandeshwar tehsils of Amravati district and Karanja tehsil of Washim district are on the east.
Washim district is on the south side and Buldhana district on the west. Total area of Akola district is 5428 sq. Km. Which is 1.76% of the total area of the state . In the district area wise largest tahsil is Akola tahasil. It consists area of 1134.13 sq.km. Telhara tehsil has the lowest area of 628 sq. Km.
History Of Akola city
Akola is mentioned to be a part of Berar province and the legendary kingdom of Vidarbha in the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata. Berar also formed part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of Ashoka (272 to 231 BCE), before being ruled by the Satavahana dynasty (2nd BCE – 2nd CE), the Vakataka dynasty, the Chalukya dynasty, the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Chalukya dynasty, and the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri.
As Mughal rule began to solve at the beginning of the eighteenth century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad took over the southern department of the empire in 1724, forming an independent state.
A period of Muslim rule began when Alauddin Khalji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the middle of the 14th century.
The Bahmani Sultanate itself broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahi ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595, and the Mughals ruled the Berar province during the 17th century.
The fort was heavily fortified during the Mughal king Aurangzeb’s rule. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asif Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad seized the southern provinces of the empire in 1724 to form an independent state.
Geography of Akola city
It contains the Melghat Hills on the north side and forest space within the northern Satpura region. The town includes a population of nearly 6 lakhs and a region of 124 sq. km.
Although not abundant as a travel destination, it still may be a valuable historical, cultural, political, and agricultural town.
The place is an impressive road and rail junction within the Tapti river natural depression, that may be a business commerce center basically in cotton. This is crucial in varied colleges related to Amravati University.
Education in Akola city
It is home to PDKV, established by the govt of Maharashtra on 20th Oct 1969. The university appeals to students from long distances for its agricultural science and agricultural engineering and technology courses. PDKV jurisdiction covers all eleven areas of Vidarbha.
Pharmacy colleges in Akola city
- S.G.S.P.S. Institute of Pharmacy
- Geeta Devi Khandelwal Institute
- Other outstanding schools
- Shankar Khandelwal School of Science, Commerce, and Arts
- RLT school of Science LRT Commerce school
Medical Facilities-Major hospitals in Akola are:
- Gov. Medical school and Hospital,
- Sant Tukaram Cancer Hospital,
- Reliance Cancer Care hospital,
- Icon Hospital
Agriculture is the main profession of the people in rural parts of the region. Cotton, Soybean, and jawar are the vital crops grown in the area. various crops like wheat, sunflower, canola, peanut, Bajra, Barbara, Toor, Urad, and Moong are cultivated here.
Vidarbha’s Amravati division’s share of gross cropped area under irrigation of 9%.Considered one of Maharashtra’s least developed regions and it has seen not only farmers’ suicides but also deaths caused by malnutrition.
MIDC Industrial Area:
MIDC Industrial Area is the larger and most cost-effective industrial area in the division. It has four prominent industrial zones on the outskirts of the district. The entire land under the MIDC Industrial area is 6.25 km2.
Oil and dal mills are also rampant. Maharashtra State Seeds Corporation has a head office at Akola.
Several state-level tournaments, as well as national tournaments of various indoor and outdoor games, hosted. The most played sports in the city include football, cricket, baseball, carrom, hockey, volleyball, boxing, kabaddi, chess, and badminton.
Akola Cricket Club Ground (ACC) is the prominent cricket ground in the region and is the home ground of the Akola cricket club. It has held two first-class matches, the first of which came in the 1983–84 Ranji Trophy.
Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium is located near Khandelwal Tower which is a landmark in the area. The stadium hosts football and cricket games. Other prominent stadiums include the Officer’s Club, Sports Stadium, Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium, Akola Cricket Club Stadium, Kabaddi Stadium, Mitra Club Stadium, and the City Sports Club.
By Air – Airport is Shiono Airport. From National Highway No. 6. The airport is just 7km away. Renovation and operation of the airport are taken by the Airport Authority of India.
By Road – It is connected to major cities by road. The highways include State Highway 204. They are the cheapest means of transport.
Culture and Religion-
Marathi Sahitya Summit, the conference on Marathi Literature, was held twice.
It is with a mix of religions and cultures and there are several places of worship for Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, and Christians.
- Shri Rani Sati Dham
- Shri Rani Sati Dham 2
- Shree Raj Rajeshwar temple
- Birla Mandir
- Shree Nath Dutta Mandir
There are several mosques in the town. Important amongst them are the Badi Masjid (Markaz), Masjid Momin Pura.
- Momin Pura
- Kanchan Taj Peth
- Jama Inamdar Pura
- Al-Falah 1600 Plots
This church was a British Establishment in the year 1873. It is decorated for Christmas.
- Mount Carmel Church
- All Saints Church
- Catholic Church
- Alliance Church
Fort along with the Narnala and Akot forts forms the major fortress, which is important in that it is bereft of any decorative embellishments. There are several inscriptions on the fort.
An inscription on the pillars gives its date of construction as 1697 CE during the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb when Nawab Asad Khan was a minister. Another on the Fateh Burj bastion has no accurate data.
It too refers to the same minister but a different emperor Shah Alam who is one of the Edgar contains texts and statements that the building was finished by Khwaja Abdul Latif in 1698 CE.
It is a valuable religious place for Buddhists and Dalit people. There are statues of Dr. B R Ambedkar, Siddharth Gautam Buddha, and Mahatma Phule inside the Garden. People gather in large numbers to offer prayers, it is located at the center.
The Akola’s oldest Shiva temple derives its nickname “Rajeshwar Nagari” from it.
It is in Buldana and is a popular image of Gajanan Maharaj, just 35 km from Akola. It is Pandharpur of Vidarbha which is the origin of Gajanan Maharaj and is untraceable in history. People from all over Maharashtra visit Shegaon and offer their prayers to Gajanan Maharaj.