What is Climate change or Global warming?

It is simply defined as rising in the temperature of climate globally day by day. In a last five years western and southern region, the hottest month is April; for India, May is the hottest month of the year 2019.
Average Temperatures is around 38–50 °C (98.6–122 °F) by global warming case study India. Rain or monsoon season, long-lasting from July to September (delayed one month.).

What is the cause of global climate change?

Global climate change is caused by human deeds, by promoting greenhouse gases in nature. In these natural gases of earth, the atmosphere plays an important role in it. Moving over what are natural gasses? Or what is the greenhouse effect is needed to be understood?
The major greenhouse effect gases are the following: Water vapor, which causes about 36–70% of the greenhouse effect; carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and ozone (O3). On this greenhouse gases temperature of earth rise. The cause of the greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet’s atmosphere warms the planet’s surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere. Radioactively active gases (i.e., greenhouse gases) in a planet’s atmosphere radiate energy in all directions.

How and why this global warming causes and effects on India?

The country like India which is the largest population in global, largest industrialization, most regions depends on the on farming; water consumption is very high, etc. have Facing the effects of global warming India from last five years.

 

Causes of climate change in India are mention below:

  • Increase in greenhouse gases like CO2 (carbon dioxide), its increases because of pollution air emission of co2 gases from Car, Industries, fire forest, etc.
  • Decreases of forest and trees, Cutting rate of trees in India is increases day by day.
  • When people use fossil fuels like coal and oil, this emits carbon dioxide in the air. When people are cutting down trees (deforestation), this means less carbon dioxide is taken out of the atmosphere by those plants, as the result Earth’s surface temperature becomes hotter on seawater level.

Effect of climate change in India are mention below:

  • Climate Change in India will have adversely affected the economy of India. This is because all humans depend on natural resources for their shelter, food, and income.
  • Global warming also has an enormous impact with respect to melting glaciers and ice sheets. Higher global temperatures melt glaciers at a high peak. Such as Iceland, which flows into the oceans, increase the amount of seawater. A large rise (on the order of several feet) in global sea levels poses many threats like a tsunami, water flood in a state like Kerala, etc.
  • Climate change will mostly affect on Indian farmers if monsoon delays it totally effects on their farming and wastage of time and money.
    o Some region of India becomes draining nowadays because of the lack of water resource
  • Some cities like Mumbai and Kerala flooded because of heavy rainfall

Solutions for Global warming :

• Rainwater Harvesting
• Increase of Tree plantation
• Total controls on greenhouse gases (like CO2, Methane, etc.) by implementing green energy systems (like biofuel, wind & solar energy, etc.)
• Proper implementation of a water draining system
• By avoiding plastic uses
• By Protecting forest
• Use of artificial intelligence for climate change

Conclusion:

As a human, it’s our responsibility to take care of our mother nature. Our duty toward betterment and its time to think on this serious issue to save the upcoming generation.